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Операционная система ScienicLinux 5.2 (RedHat Enterprise Linux 5.2) (NauLinux 5.2)


Изначально подрузмевается, что в системе существует/заведён пользователь user
Если в smb.conf есть строчка:
smb passwd file = /etc/samba/smbpasswd
то для доступа пользователя user через сервис samba его необходимо прописать в файле /etc/samba/smbpasswd. через команду:
smbpasswd -a user

Если у пользователя user пустой пароль или мы хотим, чтобы по samb-e пароль для пользователя user не запрашивался, то удаляем пароль для пользователя user из файла /etc/samba/smbpasswd командой:
smbpasswd -n user

Чтобы это (безпарольность) работало в smb.conf должна присутвовать строчка:
null passwords = yes

Настраиваем файлик /etc/samba/smb.conf, в которм прописываем следующие строки:

	workgroup = Class-37
	server string = ws28
#	server string = Samba Server Version %v

	netbios name = ws28

	interfaces = lo eth0 172.18.1.0/24
	hosts allow = 127. 172.18.1.
;	interfaces = lo eth0 192.168.12.2/24 192.168.13.2/24
;	hosts allow = 127. 192.168.12. 192.168.13.

	security = share
#	security = user
	passdb backend = tdbsam

	null passwords = yes
	guest account = user

Делаем сами секцию в файле /etc/init.d/smb.conf:
	[public]
	comment = Public Stuff
	path = /home/public
	public = yes
	writable = yes
	printable = no
	write list = user

	[netfiles]
	comment = Net Files
	path = /home/netfiles
	public = yes
	writable = no
	printable = no
	guest ok = yes
	valid users = user

	[C]
	comment = drive C
	path = /home/user/wine_c
	public = yes
	writable = no
	printable = no
	guest ok = yes
	valid users = user
Пример файла /etc/samba/smb.conf представлен здесь

Перезагружаем samb-у:
service smb restart
либо говорим ей, что нужно перечитать файл smb.conf:
service smb reload
Расшаривание папки /home/user/wine_c под папкой с сетевым именем C позволяет думать Windows-клиентам (пользователям с Windows-машин), что они просматривают по сети диск C: с другой Windows-машины.
Также для вероятного удобства можно сделать ссылки из папки wine_c на каталоги /home/public и /home/netfiles
ln -s /home/public /home/user/wine_c/public
ln -s /home/netfiles /home/user/wine_c/netfiles
Эти ссылки упростят доступ к файлам в указанных каталогах из windows-приложений под эмулятором wine.
Если в wine-е есть назначение домашнего каталога на букву, например, D:, то можно сделать такие ссылки:
ln -s /home/public /home/user/public
ln -s /home/netfiles /home/user/netfiles
В последнем варианте удобство удваивается из-за возможности доступа к каталогам из домашнего каталога пользователя Linux (обычно на рабочем столе пользователя есть ссылка на Домашний каталог как альтернатива ссылки Мой компьютер в Windows).

Пример файла /etc/samba/smb.conf
(изменённые от стандартных параметры выделены красным):
# This is the main Samba configuration file. You should read the
# smb.conf(5) manual page in order to understand the options listed
# here. Samba has a huge number of configurable options (perhaps too
# many!) most of which are not shown in this example
#
# For a step to step guide on installing, configuring and using samba,
# read the Samba-HOWTO-Collection. This may be obtained from:
#  http://www.samba.org/samba/docs/Samba-HOWTO-Collection.pdf
#
# Many working examples of smb.conf files can be found in the
# Samba-Guide which is generated daily and can be downloaded from:
#  http://www.samba.org/samba/docs/Samba-Guide.pdf
#
# Any line which starts with a ; (semi-colon) or a # (hash)
# is a comment and is ignored. In this example we will use a #
# for commentry and a ; for parts of the config file that you
# may wish to enable
#
# NOTE: Whenever you modify this file you should run the command "testparm"
# to check that you have not made any basic syntactic errors.
#
#---------------
# SELINUX NOTES:
#
# If you want to use the useradd/groupadd family of binaries please run:
# setsebool -P samba_domain_controller on
#
# If you want to share home directories via samba please run:
# setsebool -P samba_enable_home_dirs on
#
# If you create a new directory you want to share you should mark it as
# "samba-share_t" so that selinux will let you write into it.
# Make sure not to do that on system directories as they may already have
# been marked with othe SELinux labels.
#
# Use ls -ldZ /path to see which context a directory has
#
# Set labels only on directories you created!
# To set a label use the following: chcon -t samba_share_t /path
#
# If you need to share a system created directory you can use one of the
# following (read-only/read-write):
# setsebool -P samba_export_all_ro on
# or
# setsebool -P samba_export_all_rw on
#
# If you want to run scripts (preexec/root prexec/print command/...) please
# put them into the /var/lib/samba/scripts directory so that smbd will be
# allowed to run them.
# Make sure you COPY them and not MOVE them so that the right SELinux context
# is applied, to check all is ok use restorecon -R -v /var/lib/samba/scripts
#
#--------------
#
#======================= Global Settings =====================================

[global]

# ----------------------- Network Related Options -------------------------
#
# workgroup = NT-Domain-Name or Workgroup-Name, eg: MIDEARTH
#
# server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field
#
# netbios name can be used to specify a server name not tied to the hostname
#
# Interfaces lets you configure Samba to use multiple interfaces
# If you have multiple network interfaces then you can list the ones
# you want to listen on (never omit localhost)
#
# Hosts Allow/Hosts Deny lets you restrict who can connect, and you can
# specifiy it as a per share option as well
#
	workgroup = Class-37
	server string = ws28
#	server string = Samba Server Version %v

	netbios name = ws28

	interfaces = lo eth0 172.18.1.0/24
	hosts allow = 127. 172.18.1.
;	interfaces = lo eth0 192.168.12.2/24 192.168.13.2/24
;	hosts allow = 127. 192.168.12. 192.168.13.

# --------------------------- Logging Options -----------------------------
#
# Log File let you specify where to put logs and how to split them up.
#
# Max Log Size let you specify the max size log files should reach

	# logs split per machine
;	log file = /var/log/samba/%m.log
	# max 50KB per log file, then rotate
;	max log size = 50

# ----------------------- Standalone Server Options ------------------------
#
# Security can be set to user, share(deprecated) or server(deprecated)
#
# Backend to store user information in. New installations should
# use either tdbsam or ldapsam. smbpasswd is available for backwards
# compatibility. tdbsam requires no further configuration.

	security = share
#	security = user
	passdb backend = tdbsam

	null passwords = yes
	guest account = user

# ----------------------- Domain Members Options ------------------------
#
# Security must be set to domain or ads
#
# Use the realm option only with security = ads
# Specifies the Active Directory realm the host is part of
#
# Backend to store user information in. New installations should
# use either tdbsam or ldapsam. smbpasswd is available for backwards
# compatibility. tdbsam requires no further configuration.
#
# Use password server option only with security = server or if you can't
# use the DNS to locate Domain Controllers
# The argument list may include:
#   password server = My_PDC_Name [My_BDC_Name] [My_Next_BDC_Name]
# or to auto-locate the domain controller/s
#   password server = *


;	security = domain
;	passdb backend = tdbsam
;	realm = MY_REALM

;	password server = 

# ----------------------- Domain Controller Options ------------------------
#
# Security must be set to user for domain controllers
#
# Backend to store user information in. New installations should
# use either tdbsam or ldapsam. smbpasswd is available for backwards
# compatibility. tdbsam requires no further configuration.
#
# Domain Master specifies Samba to be the Domain Master Browser. This
# allows Samba to collate browse lists between subnets. Don't use this
# if you already have a Windows NT domain controller doing this job
#
# Domain Logons let Samba be a domain logon server for Windows workstations.
#
# Logon Scrpit let yuou specify a script to be run at login time on the client
# You need to provide it in a share called NETLOGON
#
# Logon Path let you specify where user profiles are stored (UNC path)
#
# Various scripts can be used on a domain controller or stand-alone
# machine to add or delete corresponding unix accounts
#
;	security = user
;	passdb backend = tdbsam

;	domain master = yes
;	domain logons = yes

	# the login script name depends on the machine name
;	logon script = %m.bat
	# the login script name depends on the unix user used
;	logon script = %u.bat
;	logon path = \\%L\Profiles\%u
	# disables profiles support by specifing an empty path
;	logon path =  

;	add user script = /usr/sbin/useradd "%u" -n -g users
;	add group script = /usr/sbin/groupadd "%g"
;	add machine script = /usr/sbin/useradd -n -c "Workstation (%u)"\
; -M -d /nohome -s /bin/false "%u"
;	delete user script = /usr/sbin/userdel "%u"
;	delete user from group script = /usr/sbin/userdel "%u" "%g"
;	delete group script = /usr/sbin/groupdel "%g"


# ----------------------- Browser Control Options ----------------------------
#
# set local master to no if you don't want Samba to become a master
# browser on your network. Otherwise the normal election rules apply
#
# OS Level determines the precedence of this server in master browser
# elections. The default value should be reasonable
#
# Preferred Master causes Samba to force a local browser election on startup
# and gives it a slightly higher chance of winning the election
;	local master = no
;	os level = 33
;	preferred master = yes

#----------------------------- Name Resolution -------------------------------
# Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section:
# Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both
#
# - WINS Support: Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable it's WINS Server
#
# - WINS Server: Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client
#
# - WINS Proxy: Tells Samba to answer name resolution queries on
#   behalf of a non WINS capable client, for this to work there must be
#   at least one	WINS Server on the network. The default is NO.
#
# DNS Proxy - tells Samba whether or not to try to resolve NetBIOS names
# via DNS nslookups.

;	wins support = yes
;	wins server = w.x.y.z
;	wins proxy = yes

;	dns proxy = yes

# --------------------------- Printing Options -----------------------------
#
# Load Printers let you load automatically the list of printers rather
# than setting them up individually
#
# Cups Options let you pass the cups libs custom options, setting it to raw
# for example will let you use drivers on your Windows clients
#
# Printcap Name let you specify an alternative printcap file
#
# You can choose a non default printing system using the Printing option

	load printers = yes
	cups options = raw

;	printcap name = /etc/printcap
	#obtain list of printers automatically on SystemV
;	printcap name = lpstat
;	printing = cups

# --------------------------- Filesystem Options ---------------------------
#
# The following options can be uncommented if the filesystem supports
# Extended Attributes and they are enabled (usually by the mount option
# user_xattr). Thess options will let the admin store the DOS attributes
# in an EA and make samba not mess with the permission bits.
#
# Note: these options can also be set just per share, setting them in global
# makes them the default for all shares

;	map archive = no
;	map hidden = no
;	map read only = no
;	map system = no
;	store dos attributes = yes


#============================ Share Definitions ==============================

[homes]
	comment = Home Directories
	browseable = no
	writable = yes
;	valid users = %S
;	valid users = MYDOMAIN\%S

[printers]
	comment = All Printers
	path = /var/spool/samba
	browseable = no
	guest ok = no
	writable = no
	printable = yes

# Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for Domain Logons
;	[netlogon]
;	comment = Network Logon Service
;	path = /var/lib/samba/netlogon
;	guest ok = yes
;	writable = no
;	share modes = no


# Un-comment the following to provide a specific roving profile share
# the default is to use the user's home directory
;	[Profiles]
;	path = /var/lib/samba/profiles
;	browseable = no
;	guest ok = yes


# A publicly accessible directory, but read only, except for people in
# the "staff" group
;	[public]
;	comment = Public Stuff
;	path = /home/samba
;	public = yes
;	writable = yes
;	printable = no
;	write list = +staff

	[public]
	comment = Public Stuff
	path = /home/public
	public = yes
	writable = yes
	printable = no
	write list = user
#	write list = +staff

	[netfiles]
	comment = Net Files
	path = /home/netfiles
	public = yes
	writable = no
	printable = no
	guest ok = yes
	valid users = user
#	write list = +staff

	[C]
	comment = drive C
	path = /home/user/wine_c
	public = yes
	writable = no
	printable = no
	guest ok = yes
	valid users = user
#	write list = +staff